- Purchase an advanced combustion stove. These stoves have catalytic combustors that ignite smoke gasses and particles at a lower temperature than older models, resulting in a more thorough burn.
- Store wood under cover to allow it to dry properly. Then burn only wood that has air-dried for at least six to eight months, ideally hard woods, such as oak, maple, or ash.
- Don't ever burn household trash, such as plastics, magazines, etc. Trash emits toxic fumes and may also result in hazardous ash.
- Start fires in the stove with dry kindling and an open damper. Gradually increase the size of the wood. It is best not to open the wood stove door too often in order to reduce unwanted emissions indoors.
- Don't allow the fire to smolder. A smoldering fire is the worst emitter of soot and pollution. This can also lead to creosote deposits in the chimney, which in turn could result in a chimney fire.
- Keep the stove well maintained by checking for leaks and cleaning the stack pipe and chimney.